Common Diseases Symptoms And Treatment
Find below answers to common questions, validated by doctors. Please note that any decision must be made in consultation with a doctor.
What is Typhoid: A bacterial fever triggered by intake of contaminated water/food.
- Low grade fever initially followed by high fever above 104o F which usually lasts for 3 to 4 weeks.
- Body temperature varies high and low during the day.
- Nausea feeling along with abdominal pain.
- Diarrhoea or constipation which may also result in loss of appetite.
- Dryness of tongue.
When to see a doctor (General Physician):
- If you have fever higher than 101o F for more than 3 days.
- When you frequently feel extremely tired and have constipation or diarrhea bouts.
- Take mixture of ginger and lemon juice twice a day. Rest and have lots of fluids.
- Drink water after fully boiling it and letting it cool down. You may mix a teaspoon of cinnamon powder to lower body temperature.
- Avoid eating out. Have raw fruits and vegetables only after thoroughly washing them.
- Stay in neat and clean surroundings. Mild pranayam (Anulom Vilom) breathing exercise helps.
- Antibiotics are usually prescribed by doctors.
- Drink Oral Rehydration Solution (ORS) sugar/salt water solution 3 to 4 times in a day.
Tests for detection:
- Blood tests are done. Usually there is a decrease in WBC (White blood cells count).
- Stool test may also be done. Have the stool tested to avoid possibility of bacteria remaining in the body, even after the patient recovers from the illness.
- Typhoid mostly spreads when someone consumes contaminated food or water, infected with bacteria.
- Once the bacteria enters the body, it multiplies and enters the blood stream.
Is it contagious:
- No. Typhoid is not contagious.
How to prevent it:
- Must wash your hands properly for at least 20 seconds before eating.
- Avoid adding ice in beverages if you are not sure about the quality of water used.
- Avoid street food prepared in unhygienic conditions.
- Get vaccinated before you travel to places where typhoid is common.