Find below answers to common questions, validated by doctors. Please note that any decision must be made in consultation with a doctor.
Pneumonia: Swollen/Red, Painful inflammation and infection of the lungs usually caused by bacteria or virus. Symptoms:
Rusty or green mucus (sputum) in cough, with fast breathing or shortness of breath.
Chest pain that usually worsens when taking a deep breath.
Fever along with cough, shaking chills and severe headaches.
Feeling very weak or extremely tired, along with muscle pain and diarrhoea.
Nausea(Uneasy feeling in head or stomach with an urge to vomit).
Bacterial and Viral cases of pneumonia usually present similar symptoms, but Viral pneumonia is more commonly associated with 'wheezing' also as compared to bacterial pneumonia.
When to see a doctor (Pulmonologist):
If you have acute chest pain that is increasing in intensity.
Have trouble in breathing as if you do not have the strength or ability to keep breathing.
If you feel that even after resting, you may faint when you sit up or stand.
A cough that produces blood-tinged or rust-colored mucus from the lungs.
A fever with shaking chills.
Cough that continues for more than 2 days with frequent vomitting bouts.
Take plenty of rest, sleep and drink lots of fluids.
Gradual deep breathing exercises during early morning- for pollution free intake of oxygen- is helpful.
Have coconut water at least once a day. Avoid cold drinks, spicy or junk food.
Bacterial or fungal pneumonias are treated with antibiotics while viral pneumonia is treated with rest and plenty of fluids.
Medicines are given for reducing fever, pain and suppressing coughs.
In some cases, antibiotics are also given in viral pneumonia if it is difficult to rule out bacterial infection.
If hospitalized, patient is usually treated with intravenous antibiotics and possibly put on oxygen.
Depending upon severity, most bacterial cases get well in 3 to 7 days. But full recovery and clearing of X-ray patch usually takes about 3 to 4 weeks. Recovery in elderly people may take about 2 to 3 months.
Tests for detection:
Physical examination and Chest X-ray.
A CT-Scan may be done if X-Ray is not very conclusive or clear.